About the FICO Credit Score
Since our world is so computer-driven, it's probably not that surprising that your ability to repay your mortgage boils down to one number.
Credit reporting agencies use your history of paying loans in order to build a FICO score.
Each of the three credit agencies has its own formula for building your credit score. The original FICO model was developed by Fair Isaac and Company.
Experian uses this model and calls its score FICO. Equifax's model, based on FICO, is called BEACON, while TransUnion, which also uses a slightly modified FICO, calls its score EMPIRICA. While the formulas vary from one agency to another, the differences aren't huge; each agency uses the following factors in calculating your score:
- Your Credit History - How many years have you had credit?
- Late Payments - Do you pay your bills on time?
- Your Credit Card Balances - How many accounts? How much do you owe?
- Requests for Credit - How many times have lenders pulled your credit for the purpose of lending you money?
These factors are assigned weights based on the formula being used. The results are added up and distilled into a single number. FICO scores can be as low as 300 and as high as 800. Higher is always better. Most home buyers these days have a score above 620.
Credit scores make a difference in interest rates
Credit scores are used for more than just determining whether or not you qualify for a mortgage. Higher scores indicate you are probably a better credit risk, and thus may qualify for a better mortgage rate.
Raising your FICO score
How can you improve your FICO score? Despite what you hear from "credit repair" companies, the FICO score is calculated from your lifelong credit history, so you can't turn it around right away. You should, of course, appeal for the credit agency to remove any incorrect reporting on your credit report, which is the only way to quickly improve your credit score.
Know your FICO score
Before you can improve your score, you must know your score and ensure that the reports from each agency are correct. Fair Isaac, the corporation that invented the first FICO credit score, sells scores on myFICO.com. It's inexpensive, fast, and easy to get your credit score along with reports from all three agencies. They also provide helpful information and tools that can help you analyze what actions might have the greatest impact on your FICO score.
You can get a free credit report once per year from all three credit reporting agencies when you visit AnnualCreditReport.com. These reports do not include a free credit score, but it's very inexpensive to get one at the same time.
Armed with this info, you'll be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to get the most favorable mortgage.
Want to know more about your FICO score? Give us a call: (904) 342-3622.