About the FICO Credit Score
Because we live in an automated, it's probably not that surprising that your ability to repay your mortgage boils down to one number.
The FICO score is compiled by credit agencies. These agencies use the payment history from all of your loans: credit cards, mortgages, car loans and others.
Each of the three credit reporting agencies has its own formula for building your credit score. The original FICO was developed by Fair Isaac and Company.
Experian uses this model and calls its score FICO. Equifax's model, based on FICO, is called BEACON, while TransUnion, which also uses a slightly modified FICO, calls its score EMPIRICA. While each of the models considers a range of data available in your credit report, the differences aren't huge; each agency uses the following in calculating your credit score:
- Credit History - Have you had credit for years, or for just a short time?
- Late Payments - Do you have any payments later than 30 days?
- Credit Card Balances - How many credit card accounts do you hold, and how much do you owe?
- Inquiries on Your Credit - How many times have lenders pulled your credit report for the purpose of lending you money?
These factors are assigned weights based on the formula being used. Each formula produces a single number which may vary a a little by agency. FICO scores can be as low as 300 and as high as 800. Higher is always better. Most home buyers these days have a score above 620.
Not just for qualifying
FICO scores affect more than your ability to get a loan. They also affect your interest rate. Lenders give lower interest rates to individuals with higher scores.
Raising your credit score
What can you do about your FICO score? Very little in the short term. Because the FICO score is based on a lifetime of credit history, it is difficult to change it quickly. (Of course you must appeal incorrect items on your credit report.)
Getting your credit score
Before you can improve your credit score, you have to know your score and make certain that the credit reports from each agency are correct. Fair Isaac, the company that invented the first FICO score, sells scores on its website: myFICO.com. For a reasonable fee, you can quickly get your FICO score from all three reporting agencies, along with your credit report. They also provide helpful information and online tools that can help you analyze what actions might have the greatest impact on your FICO score.
You can get a free credit report once a year from the three major agencies at AnnualCreditReport.com. You won't get a free credit score from AnnualCreditReport.com, but getting it is quick and inexpensive.
Armed with this info, you will be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to get the right mortgage for you.
Want to know more about your credit score? Give us a call at (904) 342-3622.