FICO - Your Credit Score
Since we live in an automated, it's probably not that surprising that your ability to repay virtually any loan boils down to one number.
The years of paying your various bills: your mortgage, car payments, and credit card bills are analyzed, spindled and mutilated into a single indicator of whether you're likely to meet your future obligations.
The three reporting agencies use slightly different formulas to build a credit score. Fair Isaac and Cooriginally developed this score. .
Experian uses this model and calls its score FICO. Equifax's model, based on FICO, is called BEACON, while TransUnion, which also uses a slightly modified FICO, calls its score EMPIRICA. While each of the models considers a range of data available in your credit report, the differences aren't huge; all of the agencies use the following in calculating a score:
- Credit History - How many years have you had credit?
- Payment History - Have you paid more than 30 days late, and how often?
- Balances on your Credit Cards - How many credit card accounts do you hold, and how much do you owe?
- Inquiries on Your Credit - How many times have you had your credit checked for a loan?
These factors are weighted a little bit differently depending on which formula the agency uses. The result is one number. Credit scores can be as low as 300 and as high as 800. Higher is always better. Most folks getting a mortgage loan in the current environment have a score above 620.
Not just for qualifying
FICO scores affect more than your ability to get a loan. They also affect your interest rate. Higher scores indicate you are probably a better credit risk, and thus may qualify for a better mortgage rate.
Improving your score
How can you improve your credit score? Since the score is entirely based on a lifetime of credit history, it is hard to change it quickly. You should appeal for the credit agency to remove any incorrect reporting from your credit report; this is really the only way to quickly improve your credit score.
Know your FICO
Before you can improve your credit score, you must get your score and be sure that the credit reports from each credit reporting agency are correct. Fair Isaac, the corporation that offered the original FICO score, offers credit scores on myFICO.com. It's inexpensive to get your FICO from all three reporting agencies, along with your credit report. Also available are helpful information and online tools that can help you analyze what actions might have the greatest impact on your FICO score.
You can get a free credit report once a year from the three major agencies by visiting AnnualCreditReport.com. These reports do not include a free credit score, but it's very inexpensive to get one at the same time.
Now that you have all the facts, you will be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to obtain the right mortgage for you.
Curious about credit scores? Call us at (904) 342-3622.