Ratio of Debt to Income

Lenders use a ratio called "debt to income" to decide your maximum monthly payment after you've paid your other recurring loans.

How to figure the qualifying ratio

In general, underwriting for conventional mortgages needs a qualifying ratio of 28/36. FHA loans are a little less restrictive, requiring a 29/41 ratio.

The first number is how much (by percent) of your gross monthly income that can be spent on housing costs. This ratio is figured on your total payment, including homeowners' insurance, HOA dues, Private Mortgage Insurance - everything that constitutes the full payment.

The second number is what percent of your gross income every month which can be applied to housing expenses and recurring debt. Recurring debt includes credit card payments, car loans, child support, and the like.

Some example data:

28/36 (Conventional)

  • Gross monthly income of $8,000 x .28 = $2,240 can be applied to housing
  • Gross monthly income of $8,000 x .36 = $2,280 can be applied to recurring debt plus housing expenses

With a 29/41 (FHA) qualifying ratio

  • Gross monthly income of $8,000 x .29 = $2,320 can be applied to housing
  • Gross monthly income of $8,000 x .41 = $3,280 can be applied to recurring debt plus housing expenses

If you'd like to calculate pre-qualification numbers on your own income and expenses, feel free to use our superb Loan Qualifying Calculator.

Just Guidelines

Don't forget these ratios are only guidelines. We will be happy to go over pre-qualification to help you figure out how large a mortgage loan you can afford.

Bright Vision Mortgage can walk you through the pitfalls of getting a mortgage. Call us at (904) 342-3622.

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