Ratio of Debt to Income

Lenders use a ratio called "debt to income" to determine your maximum monthly payment after you've paid your other recurring loans.

How to figure the qualifying ratio

Most underwriting for conventional mortgages needs a qualifying ratio of 28/36. FHA loans are a little less strict, requiring a 29/41 ratio.

The first number is the percentage of your gross monthly income that can go toward housing. This ratio is figured on your total payment, including hazard insurance, homeowners' dues, Private Mortgage Insurance - everything.

The second number is the maximum percentage of your gross monthly income which can be applied to housing expenses and recurring debt together. For purposes of this ratio, debt includes payments on credit cards, vehicle payments, child support, etcetera.

Examples:

28/36 (Conventional)

  • Gross monthly income of $3,500 x .28 = $980 can be applied to housing
  • Gross monthly income of $3,500 x .36 = $1,260 can be applied to recurring debt plus housing expenses

With a 29/41 (FHA) qualifying ratio

  • Gross monthly income of $3,500 x .29 = $1,015 can be applied to housing
  • Gross monthly income of $3,500 x .41 = $1,435 can be applied to recurring debt plus housing expenses

If you want to run your own numbers, we offer a Mortgage Qualification Calculator.

Guidelines Only

Don't forget these ratios are only guidelines. We will be thrilled to help you pre-qualify to help you determine how large a mortgage loan you can afford.

Bright Vision Mortgage can walk you through the pitfalls of getting a mortgage. Give us a call: (904) 342-3622.

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