How's your FICO Score?
Since we live in an computer-driven society, it should come as no surprise that your ability to repay your mortgage loan boils down to a single number.
The FICO score is compiled by credit reporting agencies. These agencies use the payment history of all of your loans: mortgages, car loans, credit cards, and the like.
The three reporting agencies use slightly different formulas to build a credit score. The original FICO model was developed by Fair Isaac and Company.
Experian uses this model and calls its score FICO. Equifax's model, based on FICO, is called BEACON, while TransUnion, which also uses a slightly modified FICO, calls its score EMPIRICA. While the formulas vary, the differences aren't huge; all of the agencies use the following factors to build a score:
- Credit History - How many years have you had credit?
- History of Payments - Do you have a history of late payments?
- Balances on your Credit Cards - How many accounts? How much do you owe?
- Credit Inquiries - How many times have lenders pulled your credit report for the purpose of giving you a loan?
These factors are weighted differently depending on the formula being used. Each formula produces a single number which varies slightly by agency. FICO scores can be as low as 300 and as high as 800. Higher is always better. Typical home buyers probably find their FICO scores between 620 and 800.
Your FICO score affects how much you pay in interest every month
Did you know? Credit scores are used for more than just determining whether or not you qualify for a mortgage. Lenders give lower interest rates to individuals with higher scores.
Can I raise my FICO score?
Is it possible to raise your FICO score? So called "credit repair" companies advertise quick fixes, but the score is formulated from your lifelong credit history, so you can't turn it around right away. You should, of course, remove any incorrect data on your credit report; this is the only way to quickly improve your credit score.
How do I find out my FICO score?
In order to improve your credit score, you must obtain the reports that are used to build it. Of course, you need the score as well. Fair Isaac has created a web site (www.myFICO.com) that lets you do just that. It's inexpensive, fast, and easy to get your credit score as well as credit reports from all three credit reporting agencies. They also provide information and tools that can help you understand how to improve your FICO score.
You can get a free credit report every year from the three major credit reporting agencies by visiting AnnualCreditReport.com. You won't get a free credit score from AnnualCreditReport.com, but getting one is quick and inexpensive.
Armed with this information, you will be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to get the most favorable mortgage.
Want to know more about your credit score? Call us: (904) 342-3622.